Isolation/Exposure Procedures

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What to do if you have a confirmed monkeypox infection: Isolation

Isolation is the separation of a person, or group of people, known to be infected with monkeypox and potentially infectious, from those who are not infected to prevent the spread of the disease.

If you have tested positive for Monkeypox or suspect you have contracted monkeypox, you should remain at home for the duration of the illness, from the time symptoms start until all symptoms have resolved, the rash is fully healed, scabs have fallen off, and a new layer of intact skin has formed.

  • While symptomatic with a rash, fever, or any other symptoms, remain isolated at home and away from others unless it is necessary to see a healthcare provider or for an emergency.
    • Avoid close or physical contact with other people and animals
    • Cover the lesions, wear a well-fitting mask, and avoid public transportation when leaving the home as required for medical care or an emergency
  • While a rash persists but in the absence of a fever or respiratory symptoms:
    • Cover all parts of the rash with clothing, gloves, and/or bandages
    • Wear a well-fitting mask to prevent wearer from spreading oral and respiratory secretions when interacting with others until the rash and all other symptoms have resolved
  • Until all signs and symptoms of monkeypox have fully resolved:
    • Do not share items that have been worn or handled with other people or animals. Launder or disinfect items that have been worn or handled and surfaces that have been touched by a lesion
    • Avoid close physical contact, including sexual and/or close intimate contact, with other people
    • Avoid sharing utensils or cups. Items should be cleaned and disinfected before use by others
    • Avoid crowds and congregate settings
    • Wash hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, especially after direct contact with the rash

What to do if you have been exposed to someone with monkeypox: Monitor

If you believe you have been exposed to monkeypox, you should monitor yourself for 21 days, looking for the following:

  • New skin rash
  • Fever of 100.4 or greater
  • Chills
  • New lymph node swelling

Individuals exposed to monkeypox virus can continue their routine daily activities as long as they do not have signs or symptoms consistent with monkeypox.

During the 21-day monitoring period, you should check your temperature twice-daily. If you develop symptoms, immediately self-isolate and contact your healthcare provider or public health department for additional guidance. If you remain asymptomatic you should contact your primary care physician or local health department to determine if you need a vaccine.

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